Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 139--142

Burkholderia pseudomallei infection manifests as mediastinal/hilar lymphadenopathy: A case report


Qi Li1, Qian-Feng Xia2, Qiong-Fang Sun3, Xiang-Dong Zhou1 
1 Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University; Key Laboratory of Emergency and Trauma of Ministry of Education, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China
2 Key Laboratory of Tropical Translational Medicine of Ministry of Education, School of Tropical Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China
3 Radiology Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China

Correspondence Address:
Xiang-Dong Zhou
Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University; Key Laboratory of Emergency and Trauma of Ministry of Education, Hainan Medical University, Haikou
China

Rationale: This case report presents the diagnosis and etiology of hilar/mediastinal lymphadenopathy in a male patient. Patient concerns: A 49-year-old man presented with fever and dyspnea after physical exertion. Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed with melioidosis by cultivation of lymph node aspirate on blood agar using the VITEK 2 compact system. Interventions: The patient was treated with ceftazidime intravenously, combined with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole orally for 1 week. Once the patient was discharged, he began a 12-week course of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Outcomes: The patient recovered after treatment with ceftazidime and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Conclusions: Melioidosis is an infectious disease that mainly occurs in tropical regions. It can cause severe sepsis and pneumonia, and the infection in some patients may become chronic. Endobronchial ultrasound-transbronchial needle aspiration is a useful technique in the diagnosis of patients with hilar/mediastinal lymphadenopathy.


How to cite this article:
Li Q, Xia QF, Sun QF, Zhou XD. Burkholderia pseudomallei infection manifests as mediastinal/hilar lymphadenopathy: A case report.Asian Pac J Trop Med 2021;14:139-142


How to cite this URL:
Li Q, Xia QF, Sun QF, Zhou XD. Burkholderia pseudomallei infection manifests as mediastinal/hilar lymphadenopathy: A case report. Asian Pac J Trop Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2023 Feb 6 ];14:139-142
Available from: https://www.apjtm.org/article.asp?issn=1995-7645;year=2021;volume=14;issue=3;spage=139;epage=142;aulast=Li;type=0