Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

META-ANALYSIS
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 543--554

Intention of healthcare workers to accept COVID-19 vaccination and related factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Petros Galanis1, Irene Vraka2, Despoina Fragkou1, Angeliki Bilali3, Daphne Kaitelidou4 
1 Clinical Epidemiology Laboratory, Faculty of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
2 Department of Radiology, P & A Kyriakou Children's Hospital, Greece
3 Hospital Waste Management Unit, P & A Kyriakou Children's Hospital, Greece
4 Center for Health Services Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Correspondence Address:
Petros Galanis
Clinical Epidemiology Laboratory, Faculty of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Greece

Considering medical and economic burden of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a high COVID-19 vaccination coverage among healthcare workers (HCWs) is an urgent need. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the intention of HCWs to accept COVID-19 vaccination and to identify related factors. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, ProQuest, CINAHL and medRxiv until July 14, 2021. The heterogeneity between results was very high; thus, we applied a random effects model to estimate pooled effects. We performed subgroup and meta-regression analysis to identify possible resources of heterogeneity. Twenty four studies, including 50 940 HCWs, met the inclusion criteria. The overall proportion of HCWs that intend to accept COVID-19 vaccination was 63.5% (95% confidence interval: 56.5%-70.2%) with a wide range among studies from 27.7% to 90.1%. The following factors were associated with increased HCWs' willingness to get vaccinated against COVID-19: male gender, older age, white HCWs, physician profession, higher education level, comorbidity among HCWs, vaccination against flu during previous season, stronger vaccine confidence, positive attitude towards a COVID-19 vaccine, fear about COVID-19, individual perceived risk about COVID-19, and contact with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients. The reluctance of HCWs to vaccinate against COVID-19 could diminish the trust of individuals and trigger a ripple effect in the general public. Since vaccination is a complex behavior, understanding the way that HCWs take the decision to accept or refuse COVID-19 vaccination will give us the opportunity to develop the appropriate interventions to increase COVID-19 vaccination uptake.


How to cite this article:
Galanis P, Vraka I, Fragkou D, Bilali A, Kaitelidou D. Intention of healthcare workers to accept COVID-19 vaccination and related factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis.Asian Pac J Trop Med 2021;14:543-554


How to cite this URL:
Galanis P, Vraka I, Fragkou D, Bilali A, Kaitelidou D. Intention of healthcare workers to accept COVID-19 vaccination and related factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Asian Pac J Trop Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Aug 19 ];14:543-554
Available from: https://www.apjtm.org/article.asp?issn=1995-7645;year=2021;volume=14;issue=12;spage=543;epage=554;aulast=Galanis;type=0