Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 181--184

Latent tuberculosis infection among medical students in Malaysia


Maha Abdullah, Ummi Nadira Daut, Siti Aishah Daud, Nor Afifi Mohd Romli, Marsitah Abdul Jalil, Noorelina Muhammad, Safarina Mohammad Ismuddin, Masriana Hassan 
 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Masriana Hassan
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor
Malaysia

Objective: This study aimed to determine prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection among medical students and tuberculosis exposure at the health facilities. Methods: A cross-section of study year 1 (n=68) and year 5 (n=75) medical students in a local university were recruited for latent tuberculosis infection testing using QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus and a questionnaire analyzed for multivariate risk. Results: The majority of the study were vaccinated with BCG. None of year 1 medical students were positive for latent tuberculosis infection, however, six (8.0%) year 5 students were tested positive for latent tuberculosis infection. A higher incidence of year 5 medical students claimed to be exposed to tuberculosis at health facility (65.3% vs. 4.4%) and a higher percentage reported contact with tuberculosis case over the preceding year compared to year 1 students (30.7% vs. 8.8%). Conclusion: We observed a higher incidence of latent tuberculosis infection and higher exposure to tuberculosis in health facilities among year 5 medical students. Baseline screening and monitoring for progression to tuberculosis infection may benefit tuberculosis management programs.


How to cite this article:
Abdullah M, Daut UN, Daud SA, Mohd Romli NA, Jalil MA, Muhammad N, Ismuddin SM, Hassan M. Latent tuberculosis infection among medical students in Malaysia.Asian Pac J Trop Med 2019;12:181-184


How to cite this URL:
Abdullah M, Daut UN, Daud SA, Mohd Romli NA, Jalil MA, Muhammad N, Ismuddin SM, Hassan M. Latent tuberculosis infection among medical students in Malaysia. Asian Pac J Trop Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2022 Sep 28 ];12:181-184
Available from: https://www.apjtm.org/article.asp?issn=1995-7645;year=2019;volume=12;issue=4;spage=181;epage=184;aulast=Abdullah;type=0