Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 73--77

Autophagy plays a protective role in advanced glycation end products- induced apoptosis of chondrocytes via regulation of tumor necrosis factor-α , nuclear factor-κ B and reactive oxygen species


Zhi-Jiang Sun, Ya-Yi Xia 
 Orthopaedics Key Laboratory of Gansu Province, The Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730030, China

Correspondence Address:
Ya-Yi Xia
Orthopaedics Key Laboratory of Gansu Province, The Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, No. 82 Cuiyingmen, Chengguan District, Lanzhou 730030
China

Objective: To study the adverse effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on chondrocytes and the role of autophagy in this process. Methods: Chondrocytes were harvested from the human articular cartilage tissues in surgery. AGEs were administered during chondrocytes culture. The rapamycin was used to induce autophagy. The cell viability was determined by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The expression of tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF- a ) and nuclear factor- κ B (NF- κ B) was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis of the chondrocytes were determined by fluorescent probe and flow cytometer, respectively. Results: The chondrocytes viability was significantly reduced after 12 h incubation with AGEs (P<0.01)). In contrast, rapamycin pretreatment increased the chondrocytes viability through autophagy. AGEs increased TNF- α and NF- κ B mRNA expression of chondrocytes and autophagy receded or proceeded the change. AGEs increased intracellular ROS accumulation and autophagy reversed the change. AGEs accelerated chondrocytes apoptosis and autophagy suspended apoptosis. Conclusions: Accumulation of AGEs may have an adverse role for chondrocytes by increasing TNF- α and NF- κ B expression, ROS accumulation and apoptosis; meanwhile, autophagy ameliorates the AGEs- induced adverse effects.


How to cite this article:
Sun ZJ, Xia YY. Autophagy plays a protective role in advanced glycation end products- induced apoptosis of chondrocytes via regulation of tumor necrosis factor-α , nuclear factor-κ B and reactive oxygen species.Asian Pac J Trop Med 2018;11:73-77


How to cite this URL:
Sun ZJ, Xia YY. Autophagy plays a protective role in advanced glycation end products- induced apoptosis of chondrocytes via regulation of tumor necrosis factor-α , nuclear factor-κ B and reactive oxygen species. Asian Pac J Trop Med [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 May 19 ];11:73-77
Available from: https://www.apjtm.org/article.asp?issn=1995-7645;year=2018;volume=11;issue=1;spage=73;epage=77;aulast=Sun;type=0