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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 517-524

Post COVID-19 mucormycosis: A case series

Department of Medicine, Topiwala National Medical College and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Mala Vinod Kaneria
Department of Medicine, Topiwala National Medical College and B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.331258

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Objective: To evaluate the associated factors between COVID-19 and mucormycosis. Methods: Twenty-two patients of COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (including 3 asymptomatic patients who were cured of COVID-19) from a single medical unit of our institute were included. A detailed history was noted, with special emphasis on the time of onset of mucormycosis symptoms, presence of comorbidities, including new onset diabetes, severity of COVID-19, oxygen requirement, details of receipt of steroids and immunomodulators such as tocilizumab, imaging findings, including the number of sinuses involved, bony erosions, orbital and cerebral involvement, microscopy, culture and histopathology reports and antifungals given. Surgical interventions including number of debridements, orbital exenteration, maxillectomy, and the vaccination status were noted. Results: All 22 patients had rhino-orbital cerebral mucormycosis, 27.27% in the first wave and 72.73% during the second wave. Diabetes was the commonest comorbidity, and 40.91% patients were newly detected diabetics. The time of presentation in relation to their COVID-19 symptoms was 8-15 days (average 12.5 days). Ten out of 22 (45.45%) had asymptomatic or mild COVID-19 and 40.91% did not require supplemental oxygen. Five out of 22 (22.73%) did not receive steroids. Twelve out of 22 (54.55%) had orbital involvement, 3 (13.64%) had palatal ulcer and 4 (18.18%) had cerebral involvement and all these had progressed in spite of treatment with appropriate antifungals. Conclusions: COVID-19 associated mucormycosis is a frequent, lethal, post COVID-19 complication, occurring even in mild and asymptomatic cases who have not received steroids or oxygen.

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