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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 402-408

Knowledge of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among healthcare providers: A cross-sectional study in Indonesia


1 Department of Internal Medicine; Medical Research Unit; Tropical Disease Centre, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia
2 Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia
3 Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia
4 Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia
5 Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
6 Bangli Hospital, Bangli, Bali, Indonesia
7 Sungai Dareh Hospital, Dharmasraya, West Sumatra, Indonesia
8 Department of Medical Education and Bioethics, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
9 Panti Rahayu Hospital, Karangmojo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
10 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana; Department of Internal Medicine, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
11 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine; Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia
12 M Natsir Hospital, Solok, West Sumatra, Indonesia
13 Dr H Yuliddin Away Hospital, Tapaktuan, Aceh, Indonesia
14 M. Hatta Brain Hospital, Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia
15 Raden Mattaher Hospital; Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Jambi University, Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
16 Pariaman Hostiptal, Pariaman, West Sumatra, Indonesia
17 Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
18 Medical Research Unit; Tropical Disease Centre; Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Harapan Harapan
Medical Research Unit; Tropical Disease Centre; Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
Indonesia
Kurnia Fitri Jamil
Department of Internal Medicine; Medical Research Unit; Tropical Disease Centre, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.290584

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Objective: To assess healthcare workers’ knowledge of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the early phase of the outbreak in Indonesia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 12 hospitals in Indonesia from March 6 to March 25, 2020. Healthcare workers’ knowledge on COVID-19 was assessed, and demographic data, workplace characteristics, and medical professional characteristics as well as the current local situation of COVID-19 were collected. To characterize determinants associated with knowledge, a logistic regression analysis was employed. Results: Out of 288 healthcare workers who completed the interview-assisted questionnaire, 149 (51.7%) respondents had a good knowledge. Nurses and other types of healthcare workers had lower odds of having good knowledge compared to doctors: adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 0.38; 95% CI: 0.20-0.72 and aOR: 0.31; 95% CI: 0.13-0.73, respectively. Compared to healthcare workers who had medical practice experience less than 5 years, those who had worked for more than 10 years had lower knowledge (aOR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.20-0.90). Healthcare workers who worked in the infection department had higher knowledge compared to those in the emergency room (aOR: 14.33; 95% CI: 3.67-55.88). Conclusions: The knowledge of COVID-19 among surveyed healthcare workers was relatively low. The COVID-19 response in Indonesia will require further education and enhancement of the capacity of healthcare workers in the emergency room where COVID-19 patients may be treated the earliest.


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