Impact Factor 2021: 3.041 (@Clarivate Analytics)
5-Year Impact Factor: 2.776 (@Clarivate Analytics)
Impact Factor Rank: 10/24, Q2 (Tropical Medicine)
  • Users Online: 4958
  • Print this page
  • Email this page

Table of Contents
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 197-198

Public health preparedness towards COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria

1 Biological Science Department, Faculty of Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2E9, Alberta, Canada
2 Department of Oral Pathology, DUH, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Date of Submission18-Feb-2020
Date of Decision20-Feb-2020
Date of Acceptance25-Feb-2020
Date of Web Publication02-Mar-2020

Correspondence Address:
Jelili Olaide Mustapha
Biological Science Department, Faculty of Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2E9, Alberta
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.279650

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Mustapha JO, Adedokun KA, Nasir IA. Public health preparedness towards COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria. Asian Pac J Trop Med 2020;13:197-8

How to cite this URL:
Mustapha JO, Adedokun KA, Nasir IA. Public health preparedness towards COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria. Asian Pac J Trop Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Dec 2];13:197-8. Available from:

The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), formerly called novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), was discovered in December 2019. This outbreak was declared a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) on 30th January 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO announced US$ 675 million fund to strengthen China and nations with weaker health systems in combating COVID-19. By 18th February 2020, there has been 73 332 confirmed cases with one case in Egypt[1].

Due to its cosmopolitan nature, Nigeria is prone to COVID-19 outbreak if stringent public health measures are not put in place. In July 2014, a Liberian diplomat who had Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) entered the country through the Murtala Mohammed Airport, Lagos[2]. Subsequently, 19 laboratory confirmed cases of EVD were identified with 42.1% fatality rate, which contributed to declaring EVD as PHEIC by the WHO[2]. These emphasize the need to have well equipped diagnostic laboratories, trained diagnosticians and public health measures to forestall the occurrence of COVID-19 epidemic in Nigeria.

According to the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), the National Reference Laboratory, Abuja, Northcentral Nigeria appeared to be equipped with technical and human resources required to diagnose COVID-19[3]. Unconfirmed reports also have it that Irrua Specialist Hospital (ISTH), South-south Nigeria, and Central Research Laboratory, Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Southwest Nigeria have the capacity to diagnose COVID-19. During the 2014 EVD outbreak, LUTH was used for the preliminary investigation of EVD before confirmatory diagnosis was made by a WHO collaborating centre in Dakar, Senegal[2]. The NCDC, which is the nations’ public health institute, has also put in place some public health measures against COVID-19 through its website ( and via Twitter handle @NCDCgov to ensure the general public stay updated about the recent global epidemic prevention and management strategies against COVID-19.

The NCDC has developed the Surveillance and Outbreak Response Management System (SORMAS) for case-based reporting for epidemic prone diseases in 11 states of the federation, ‘SitAware’ and ‘Tatafo’ for event-based surveillance and incident management among NCDC staff members, and Mobile Strengthening Epidemic Response Systems (mSers) for aggregate reporting[4]. The establishment of National Incident Coordination Centre (ICC) for outbreak preparedness and response activities enables NCDC to gather intelligence reports daily, identify impending public health threats and ensure that outbreak responses are well coordinated and controlled[5].

Through partnership with various national, regional and international organizations, NCDC has been able to strengthen its preparedness through donor funding for upgrading of its selected laboratory networks and staff capacity development for outbreak preparedness and responses[5]. In addition, building on the successes recorded by Nigeria in the fight against the 2014 EVD outbreak, recent Lassa fever and Monkeypox virus outbreaks, it is believed that Nigeria will be able to manage viral outbreaks. With the restructuring that has happened at the NCDC, it is believe that Nigeria will be able to curtail the spread of COVID-19 if the virus eventually finds its way into the country.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Authors’ contributions

MJO conceptualized and designed the study. MJO also drafted the first manuscript. AKA designed and reviewed the final manuscript for intellectual content. INA participated in the study, designed and reviewed the final manuscript for intellectual content. All authors are responsible for the integrity of the data.

  References Top

World Health Organization (WHO). Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) situation reports. 2020. [Online]. Available from: emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports/[Accessed on 18 February 2020].  Back to cited text no. 1
Otu A, Ameh S, Osifo-Dawodu E, Alade E, Ekuri S, Idris J. An account of the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Nigeria: Implications and lessons learnt. BMC Public Health 2017; 18(3). doi: s12889-017-4535-x.  Back to cited text no. 2
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). Public health advisory to Nigerians on novel coronavirus (#3). 2020. [Online]. Available from: advisory-to-nigerians-on-novel-coronavirus-%28%233%29[Accessed on 17 February 2020].  Back to cited text no. 3
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). 2018 NCDC Annual report. 2019. [Online]. Available from: annualreports/18803aba62a09ada4ad84c8db76c22ea.pdf[Accessed on 17 February 2020].  Back to cited text no. 4
Njidda A, Oyebanji O, Obasanya J, Ojo O, Adedeji A, Mba N, et al. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. BMJ Global Health 2018; 3(2): e000712.  Back to cited text no. 5

This article has been cited by
1 APJTM streamlines content coverage and submission process to better support tropical medicine research
Yan Lei, Qiao Zhang, Yin Pan
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2022; 15(6): 239
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Drivers, barriers, benefits, and perceived dangers of the use of COVID-19 biosecurity protective items in a medically challenged environment of a rural hospital in Eastern Nigeria
GabrielUche Iloh, IkechukwuVincent Obi, AugustineObiora Ikwudinma, EkeneAgartha Emeka, AgwuNkwa Amadi
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences. 2021; 10(2): 145
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 From Ebola to COVID-19: emergency preparedness and response plans and actions in Lagos, Nigeria
Akin Abayomi,Mobolanle R. Balogun,Munir Bankole,Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas,Bamidele Mutiu,John Olawepo,Morakinyo Senjobi,Oluwakemi Odukoya,Lanre Aladetuyi,Chioma Ejekam,Akinsanya Folarin,Madonna Emmanuel,Funke Amodu,Adesoji Ologun,Abosede Olusanya,Moses Bakare,Abiodun Alabi,Ismail Abdus-Salam,Eniola Erinosho,Abimbola Bowale,Sunday Omilabu,Babatunde Saka,Akin Osibogun,Ololade Wright,Jide Idris,Folasade Ogunsola
Globalization and Health. 2021; 17(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Strategies for the Preservation of Service Levels in the Inventory Management During COVID-19: A Case Study in a Company of Biosafety Products
Ileana Gloria Pérez Vergara,María Camila López Gómez,Igor Lopes Martínez,Jesús Vargas Hernández
Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Infection prevention and control during COVID-19 pandemic: realities from health care workers in a north central state in Nigeria
O. S. Ilesanmi,A. A. Afolabi,A. Akande,T. Raji,A. Mohammed
Epidemiology and Infection. 2021; 149
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 How do Nigerian newspapers report COVID-19 pandemic? The implication for awareness and prevention
Oberiri Destiny Apuke,Bahiyah Omar
Health Education Research. 2020; 35(5): 471
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, 2014 – 2016: Epidemic timeline, differential diagnoses, determining factors, and lessons for future response
Ramat Toyin Kamorudeen,Kamoru Ademola Adedokun,Ayodeji Oluwadare Olarinmoye
Journal of Infection and Public Health. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 Government preparedness and response towards COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria: A retrospective analysis of the last 6 months
Oluwafolajimi A Adesanya
Journal of Global Health. 2020; 10(2)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article
Conflict of inte...
Authors' contrib...

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded679    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 8    

Recommend this journal