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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 393-398

Potential effect of Silybum marianum L. and Cistus ladaniferus L. extracts on urine volume, creatinine clearance and renal function

1 Physiology-Pharmacology and Environmental Health Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences Dhar Mahraz, University Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah, Fez 30000, Morocco
2 New York Medical Care for Nephrology, Richmond Hill, New York 11418, USA

Correspondence Address:
Noori Al-Waili
New York Medical Care for Nephrology, 87-40 134 Street, Richmond Hill, New York
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.234768

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Objective: To investigate the diuretic and renal effects of Silybum marianum L. and Cistus ladaniferus L. in normal rats. Methods: Four groups of rats were used in each experiment. The first group received water, the second group received Cistus ladaniferus L. extract (100 mg/kg b.wt), the third group received Silybum marianum L. extract (100 mg/kg b.wt), and the fourth group received furosemide (10 mg/kg b.wt). Variables including urine volume, plasma and urine sodium, potassium and creatinine, and creatinine clearance were measured. Two experiments were conducted. A single dose of each intervention was used and the variables were measured during 24 h, and the interventions were given daily for a total of 8 d and the variables were measured during various intervals. Results: The single dose of each plant extract increased urine volume at all-time intervals and increased urine sodium and potassium excretion without affecting plasma sodium and potassium (P<0.05). On the day 8 after daily administration, the plant extracts induced a significant diuresis and natriuresis without affecting serum electrolytes (P<0.05), while furosemide caused hypokalemia. Both plant extracts significantly increased creatinine clearance (P<0.05). Conclusions: Silybum marianum L. and Cistus ladaniferus L. increase creatinine clearance and have a significant diuretic effect without affecting serum electrolytes. Silybum marianum L. is more potent than furosemide or Cistus ladaniferus L.

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