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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 13  |  Page : 37

Polymorphisms in XPB and XPG subcomplexes of TFIIH is associated with lung cancer risk in a Chinese population: A case-control study

1 Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, P.R. China
2 Department of Respiratory, Hainan General Hospital, Haikou, P.R. China

Correspondence Address:
Sha Xiao
lecturerDept. of Environmental and Occupational Health School of Public Health Hainan Medical University No. 3, Xueyuan Road, Longhua District 571199, Haikou, Hainan Province
P.R. China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.243105

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Objective: The transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) helicases XPB and XPD are responsible for opening the DNA strand around the lesion site and endonuclease XPG cleaves the damaged DNA strand on the 3’ side during nucleotide excision repair (NER). Polymorphisms in these three genes that affect DNA repair capacity may contribute to susceptibility of lung cancer. In this study, our objective is to conduct a case-control study of 100 Chinese patients with lung cancer and 100 cancer-free age and sex matched controls to analyse associations between these SNPs and lung cancer susceptibility. Methods: In this hospital-based case-control study, we genotyped 7 SNPs of XPB, XPD and XPG using matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry method (MALDI-TOF) to explore the association with lung cancer risk. To estimate the relative risk of lung cancer associated with SNP genotype, odds ratios (OR) and 95.0% confidence intervals (95.0% CI) were obtained from unconditional multinomial logistic regression models without and with adjustment for potential confounders including age, gender, cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: The results showed that individuals carrying XPB rs4150434 GA or AA genotype (OR per GA genotype, 1.997; 95.0% CI: 1.031-3.871; P=0.039; OR per AA genotype, 2.435; 95.0% CI: 1.037-5.718; P=0.037), and this association was also find in nondrinkers (OR per GA genotype, 2.477; 95.0% CI: 1.128-5.440; P=0.022). Individuals carrying XPG rs2094258 AA genotype had an increased risk of lung cancer (OR per AA genotype, 3.020; 95.0% CI: 1.015-8.980; P=0.040) compared with individuals with the GG genotype, especially in nondrinkers (OR per AA genotype, 4.020; 95.0% CI: 1.211-13.339; P=0.017). In addition, we found that XPG rs17655 CG or GG genotype associated with decreased lung cancer risk in drinkers (OR per XPG rs17655 CG genotype, 0.238; 95.0% CI: 0.061~0.925; P=0.034; OR per XPG rs17655 GG genotype, 0.l39; 95.0% CI: 0.021-0.938; P=0.032). Haplotype analysis of all 7 SNPs was also conducted. We found that the haplotype of XPB (rs4150441, G>A; rs4150434, G>A) GA and the haplotype of XPG (rs2094258, G>A; rs4771436, T>G; rs17655, C>G) ATC had an increased association with lung cancer. Conclusions: These findings suggest an important role of XPB rs4150434 and XPG rs17655 polymorphisms for a biomarker for lung cancer risk among the Chinese population.

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